Naming and grouping an object within a category
“Find something that is a food.”
“Hamburger – which group does this belong in?”
“Is this in the furniture group?”
“Which group are you collecting?”
“What belongs in your group?”
Attending to two characteristics
“Find something that gives milk and eats grass.”
“Find something that is an animal and has a long neck.”
“Find the things that grow and we can eat.”
This program provides opportunities to teach the concept of semantic groups/grouping of objects. – Children learn new words more easily if they fully understand the meaning of a word. Therefore, it is important for the child to understand the semantic features and how a word can be categorised. Initially he is required to group non-identical but almost the same objects. The semantic features and similarities of each object are discussed and sorted using the ‘Group Board’. This activity gives the child a number of links to the non-identical objects (cars) or group name (e.g. fruit, transport). Discussing and comparing the semantic features of objects provides a ‘mapping’ experience to ensure that the word is learnt more successfully. This program can also be used to target and identify similarities or differences while providing the child with additional information to use inductive reasoning.
Research indicates that we store and retrieve words more easily if they have been organised into ‘collections’. Two important ways that we can organise words are by …
• Function – what we do with something (eat cake), what we use it for (cut with – scissors) or what it does (a bird flies).
• Semantic Class – A ‘word family’ includes groups such as food (cake, eggs, bread, cheese), wild animals (zebra, giraffe, lion, monkey), furniture (chair, bed, table, shelves).
This program targets the classification of objects into Semantic Classes whilst providing the child with multiple links which they can use to retrieve the words at a later time. Initially the child is presented with objects which are similar (all balls) but not identical (e.g. football, tennis ball, bowling ball, basketball). Once a child is able to group non-identical objects into groups, the Semantic Class cards and boards are presented (e.g. food, furniture, clothes, farm animals).
Contents – 34 pages including instructions.